2016 VOCA Funding

The federal budget agreement permanently removes $1.5 billion from the Crime Victims to pay for other federal programs. This sets a precedent that undermines the integrity of the Fund which Congress has repeatedly promised would be dedicated solely to helping crime victims.

While the immediate impact this will have on VOCA assistance funding is unclear, it is possible that next year's VOCA funding could be cut by as much as 55 percent or more compared to last year's VOCA assistance grants. The uncertainty of sustained funding is already causing a serious disruption in the planning and implementation of using these resources to effectively increase the capacity of existing victim services, to expand access to many additional unserved crime victims, and to invest in outdated infrastructure and technology.

Time is of the essense because Congress will be making these decision within the next few weeks. That's why it is extremely important that all victim advocates tell Congress how important continued VOCA funding is. Be certain to include specific examples of how VOCA funds are being used to help crime victims, how they will be used to expand services and outreach to new and additional populations of crime victims and what the adverse impact will be of reductions in current funding levels.

Other letters, statements and articles:

June 11 - The Senate Appropriations Committee adopted the FY 16 Commerce, Justice and Science appropriations bill. Under the Senate Committee's bill, the FY 16 cap would be set at $2.602 billion. However, for the first time ever, a congressional appropriations committee is proposing using the Crime Victims Fund for a number of programs that are not authorized under the VOCA statute:

  • A total of $245 million is transferred to OVW:
    • $215 million for STOP;
    • $30 million for transitional housing.
  • The following $134 million is made available to the OJP Assistant Attorney General:
    • $50 million for victims of trafficking;
    • $16 million for an initiative relating to children exposed to violence;
    • $12 million for Court-appointed Special Advocate (CASA) programs;
    • $15 million for "supplemental victims' services and other victim-related programs and initiatives, including research and statistics, and for tribal assistance for victims of violence;"
    • $20 million for Victims of Child Abuse Act programs (i.e. child advocacy centers);
    • $3 million for child abuse training programs for judicial personnel and practitioners, authorized under the Victims of Child Abuse Act;
    • $18 million for "community-based violence prevention initiatives, including for public health approaches to reducing shootings and violence."
  • To the Director of the Office for Victims of Crime, $52 million "for assistance to Indian tribes only for supplementing victims' services and other victim-related programs and initiatives;"
  • To the DOJ Inspector General, $10 million for oversight and auditing purposes.

These non-VOCA authorized programs total $441 million which would leave $2.161 billion for the core, VOCA-authorized programs. Assuming the funding levels for the other VOCA programs remain approximately the same as in FY 15, it is estimated that, under the Senate Committee's proposal, State VOCA assistance formula grants would be reduced by about 10% from the FY 15 grants.

The bill must still be taken to the floor of the Senate where it could be subject to amendments and then reconciled with the House version. The House version sets the cap at $2.7 billion without any non-VOCA authorized programs.

S. 1495: Fairness for Victims of Crime Act of 2015

On June 3, 2015, Senator Pat Toomey (R-PA) introduced S. 1495, the "Fairness for Crime Victims Act of 2015," which would require that the amount made available from the Crime Victims Fund be no less than average amount deposited into the Fund over the previous three fiscal years. The text of the bill is available here.

In supporting the bill, NAVAA has requested that it be expanded to prohibit use of the Crime Victims Fund for non-VOCA authorized purposes. NAVAA noted that recent proposals would simply transfer amounts out of the Fund for non-VOCA authorized purposes. In a June 22, 2015 letter to Sen. Toomey, NAVAA says that these "backdoor" carve outs undermine Congress's longstanding commitment that the Fund be used only for VOCA authorized programs. "Once this door is opened," NAVAA's letter states, "there is no looking back from using the Fund for these or any other purpose, including programs that may have nothing to do with assisting crime victims."

2015 VOCA Funding!

On Tuesday, December 16, 2014, President Obama signed into law the "Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015." This bill raises the VOCA cap from $745 million to $2.361 billion, an increase of 3.5 times. This is an unprecedented increase in the VOCA cap and is greatly needed to help victims of all types of crimes. The bill now goes to President Obama who has indicated he supports this bill.

Such a large increase in funding also means much greater scrutiny, accountability and transparency in the use of these funds by OVC, state VOCA assistance administrators and local service providers. Appropriators added $10 million for the Justice Department's Inspector General to monitor and audit the increase in VOCA assistance subgrants. OVC is required to submit a report within 45 days to the Appropriations on its increased oversight, including a requirement that grant recipients certify their 501(c)(30 status and make financial statements publicly available online.

NAVAA Congratulates Congress on Increased VOCA cap

NAVAA released the following statement regarding the increase in the VOCA cap as part of the FY 15 appropriations bill:

We congratulate Congress on taking an unprecedented, positive step in meeting the critical needs of our nation’s crime victims. As part of the 2015 appropriations bill, Congress more than tripled the annual amount of non-taxpayer money released from a special fund that helps crime victims.

Created as part of the Victims of Crime Act of 1984 (VOCA), the Crime Victims Fund is made up entirely of fines and other monetary penalties paid by Federal criminal offenders, not by taxpayers.  The money is then distributed to a variety of programs that help victims of all types of crimes, most of which is passed through state agencies to thousands of local programs that assist victims of domestic violence, sexual assault, child abuse, families of homicide victims, victims of drunk driving crashes and other violent crimes. 

“The money that has been deposited into the Crime Victims Fund has reached historic levels,” according to NAVAA President Robert Gallup.  “Since 2000, however, Congress has limited the amount made available to support these important programs. Thanks to the recognition by Congressional appropriators of the need for more victim assistance services, Congress raised the annual cap to a level that will bring counseling, emergency shelter, and assistance in participating in the criminal justice system and other crucial support to millions of additional victims of all types of crimes.” 

The National Association of VOCA Assistance Administrators (NAVAA) represents the state agencies that pass through these federal funds to local nonprofit and public agencies serving crime victims.  Every state, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands and U.S. territories all share in the use of these victim assistance funds.  VOCA victim assistance grants awarded through these state agencies have annually support about 4,000 local programs that help approximately 3.5 million crime victims.

“Thanks to the efforts of the U.S. Justice Department, U.S. Attorneys, FBI and other federal law enforcement agencies, the amount of criminal fines deposited into the Crime Victims Fund has increased tremendously in recent years. This has now allowed Congress to raise the cap on annual VOCA funding.  This will translate into a major increase in our nation’s capacity to help crime victims without the use of any tax dollars,” said NAVAA Executive Director Steve Derene.  “This presents all of us – state administrators and local service providers—with a tremendous opportunity and challenge to continue to effectively serve victims of all types of crimes,” Derene said.

VOCA and the Crime Victims Fund are administered at the federal level by the Office for Victims of Crime, Office of Justice Programs, U. S. Department of Justice.

The annual cap on VOCA funding in fiscal year 2014 was $745 million.  The new funding level for fiscal year 2015 will jump to $2.361 billion.  Because these non-taxpayer dollars have already been collected and deposited into the Fund, VOCA funding does not add to the nation’s debt or deficit.

Major changes coming for VOCA victim assistance programs

Thanks to the recent significant increase in annual VOCA cap, state VOCA victim assistance grants in FY 15 will be 4 times the amount awarded the previous year. This increase presents numerous opportunities to greatly expand the capacity of the nation's victim service providers to meet the critical needs of victims of all types of crimes. Along with the increased funding comes increased scruntiny and accountability. Congress has provided the Justice Department's Inspector General with $10 million to audit and monitor the expansion of VOCA funding.

In response to the increase, state VOCA assistance programs have been engaged with stakeholders in identifying and prioritizing the needs in their states. Many states have begun strategic planning activities, conducted surveys, needs assessments and focus groups. These expansions will mean that many thousands of new victim advocates, counselors and other direct victim service providers will be hired and trained to provide high quality services to crime victims. Thanks to special funding from OVC, states will be awarded additional funding to provide essential training to victim service staff.

In addition to the increased funding, other changes to VOCA victim assistance programs are forthcoming. This includes the final promulgation of new regulations. The current VOCA assistance Guidelines were adopted in 1997 and the new regulations will update and expand upon those rules. It is expected the new regulations will be published and take effect sometime in the Fall of 2015.

Finally, OVC has been developing new data/performance measurement collection and reporting requirements for VOCA assisatance programs. (They have already issued new performance measurement requirements for state crime victim compensation programs). The new requirements will become effective in October 2015 and will require considerable changes to state and subgrantees' data collection systems.